Dhyana pacifies the causes of suffering, purifies chitta, & normalizes a disorganized mind. Sages used meditation & dhyana to attain jnana (spiritual knowledge).
Prashant S. Iyengar
Manas is an object, the visible “tip of the iceberg of chitta.” Mental vrttis refer to external objects. Mano vrtti nirodha is the gateway to chitta vrtti nirodha.
Japa is a form of dhyana that everyone can do to nourish the subtle body. Manas is the “tip of the iceberg of chitta.” Dreamless sleep restrains manas (mind) but not the chitta vrttis.
Mental clarity requires sensitivity in asana & pranayama. Adhyatmika sadhana (practice pertaining to Self) ascertains the known, knowing, & knower as objects of knowledge.
Noble qualities surface when asana churns the ocean within. Ahimsa (non-violence) is the manifestation of the Six Virtues of equanimity, control of senses, tolerance…. Identify ahimsa, not the negation of himsa (violence).